What Is Twill Fabric?

Apr. 21, 2021

What Is Twill Fabric?

Like satin and plain weave, twill is one of the three primitive weave types of textiles. "Twill" does not refer to a certain fabric fiber, but refers to a specific weaving method that produces a diagonal pattern. In contrast, satin and plain weaves have straight lines.

For thousands of years, twill fabrics have been woven into twill patterns, so it is difficult to determine the exact origin of this fabric. However, the word "twill" is a modern variant of the Old English word "twili", which is half of the Latin word "bilix". Therefore, twill is usually associated with British culture, although this fabric has been present in other cultures for a long time.

There are quite a few different ways to weave twill weave, which is still considered twill. Essentially, as long as the twill weave can be seen in the final fabric, even if it is structurally different from other fabrics of the same name, this fabric is also considered a twill fabric.

The most representative application of twill fabric is in the production of denim jeans. These styles of pants have clearly visible diagonal lines, which are the result of this unique weaving pattern. However, this woven pattern is also used in various other types of clothing and home textiles.

Twill clothing and home textiles were originally made of cotton, but now such fabrics made of synthetic materials are also common, such as polyester. Although cotton twill looks very similar to cotton duck down at first glance, the latter fabric has a plain weave pattern that does not result in a twill appearance. Twill fabric can be made into many different colors, thread counts and styles. This fabric is known for its excellent drape ability, which stems from its unique weave pattern.

How is twill fabric made

Although the diamond pattern characteristics of twill are the same, no matter which type of fiber uses this fabric, different production processes are used to make various fabrics weave this fabric. For example, cotton is a natural fiber that comes from the fluffy fibers that wrap around the seeds when the cotton plant matures.

Once these fibers are harvested, they are packaged into bales and sent to cotton yarn production plants. The bales are taken apart, the contents are mixed, and then the fibers are carded into long, thin filaments. After these filaments are combed and washed, they are spun into yarn. This cotton yarn can be dyed at this time, or it can be directly loaded on a large drum and sent to the textile factory to be finished.

Polyester is also commonly used to make twill fabrics, but the process of making twill fabrics is very different from the process of making cotton yarn. This fabric is made from a compound called ethylene, which is found in crude oil. Then, this compound reacts with another chemical substance called dimethyl terephthalate, and the resulting monomeric alcohol combines with terephthalic acid to form a polyester polymer.

When this substance is created, it melts, then forms a long strip and cools. Then these ribbons were broken down and melted again. Finally, this refined polyester is extruded into fabric fibers through a spinneret, and then these fibers undergo a series of treatments before being loaded onto a spool.

Once a textile fiber is needed, it can be made into twill in many different ways. Technically, any type of fabric weave can be called "twill", and there are many weaving patterns used to make this fabric. Generally speaking, the weaving of twill fabric is like this: the weft thread passes through one or more warp threads, and then passes through two or more warp threads. The result of this technique is the so-called "step" pattern, once the finished fabric is made.

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 Twill Fabric

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